Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Identify Cause of Cervical Cancer and risks factors

One of the deadly disease for women is cervical cancer and in the homeland itself was recorded every hour a woman dies from the disease. Therefore, for women should know the factors that cause cervical cancer so they can take action in anticipation of this deadly disease. Here is his review for you.
Before stepping on the causes of cervical cancer we should know in advance what is meant cervical cancer.Cervical cancer occurs when healthy cells in the cervix or cervical abnormal genetic mutation due to changes in the structure of DNA. These abnormal cells then develop uncontrollably and expanded to invade surrounding tissue. The next stage of the development of abnormal cells that are metastatic to break away from the first location and spread to other organs.

Risk Factors and Causes Cervical Cancer

Indeed, there are several factors that lead to cervical cancer, but according to research, amounting to 99.7% of cervical cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus or HPV. A spread of the virus can occur from intercourse or direct contact between the genital skin or mucous membranes and the exchange of bodily fluids. It is estimated that the spread of the virus as a result of sexual intercourse is for the 33% of women.
If the condition of the body fit, generally some type of HPV virus will die by itself and the infection will recover without medical treatment. Here are some of the factors that have increased the potential for the infection of HPV virus that causes cervical cancer.
  1. Sexual intercourse is done too early can increase the potential for infection of HPV virus that causes cervical cancer.
  2. Having a lot of couples in sexual intercourse may also trigger the occurrence of HPV infection.
  3. The potential of developing cervical cancer in women who smoke jumped to two-fold. This is because of harmful chemicals from tobacco smoking.
  4. Women who take immunosuppressant drugs more vulnerable to viral infections including HPV virus because of their weakened immune systems, including the women who suffer from HIV / AIDS.
  5. Too often give birth are also at higher risk of developing the disease. It is triggered by hormonal changes when pregnant so that the cervix becomes more vulnerable to infection. A woman who gave birth to three times the risk of developing cervical cancer is three times more likely than women who did not give birth at all.
  6. Women who choose the pill as a contraceptive and had consumed more than 5 years are also at greater risk for developing cervical cancer. Nevertheless undiscovered clear relation between birth control pills to cause cervical cancer.
Similar to what the cause of vaginal discharge, a trigger factor for cervical cancer can also be avoided by lifestyle and a healthy diet to keep the body fit and able to fend off the attacks of various viruses and bacteria Those are some factors that cause cervical cancer. To avoid this deadly disease should be vaccinated as early as possible.

Cause Of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells have a genetic mutation or change in DNA. This genetic mutation and then transform normal cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a certain speed, whereas cancer cells grow and multiply uncontrollably.
The number of abnormal cells that continue to grow to form tumors . Cancer cells that appear later invade surrounding tissue. These cells can break away from the initial site and spread to other body regions, a process known as metastasis.

Due Cervical Cancer HPV or  Human papillomavirus

There are several risk factors that cause women to develop cervical cancer. But the study found even 99.7 percent of cervical cancers are caused by  HPV. HPV is a group of viruses, where there are more than 100 types of HPV.
The HPV virus is generally spread by sexual contact, where there is direct contact between the genital skin, mucous membranes, or the exchange of body fluids, and through oral sex.After starting a sexual relationship, it is estimated that 33 percent of women will be infected with HPV. Some types of HPV do not cause obvious symptoms, and the infection can disappear without medical treatment.
But there are other types of HPV can cause warts on the genitals. HPV types cause genital warts did not cause cervical cancer. There are about 15 types of HPV that could potentially lead to cervical cancer. Two of the most common types are HPV 16 and HPV 18. These types cause 70 percent of cervical cancer in women.
High-risk HPV types are considered to contain genetic material that could be moved from the cell the virus into the cells of the cervix. This material will begin to interfere with the performance of the cell until finally the cervical cells that proliferate without control. It is this process that led to the appearance of tumors and then turns into cancer.
There is no known drug that could cure HPV infection. The virus itself can remain in the body with or without treatment. However, most HPV infections disappear without special handling within a period of about two years. However, as a precaution measure, every woman is advised to receive the HPV vaccination to prevent transmission of the virus types that cause cancer.

Status Prakanker – Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia

Cervical cancer takes many years to grow healthy cells into precancerous cells and eventually cancer cells. Abnormal changes in cells before cancer is known as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia  (CIN) or precancerous cells. Cell changes due to HPV infection becomes CIN, and eventually become a cancer is very slow. This process can occur over a period of 10-20 years.
CIN is the abnormal cell growth conditions before cancer. This condition usually does not threaten the health of someone directly but has the potential to become cancerous.Although the risk of CIN cells turns into cancer is small, your doctor will monitor or handle it as a step to prevent cervical cancer. Interest pap smear is to identify this stage that CIN addressed before fully turning cancerous.
The level of abnormal cell changes can be divided according to their severity, namely:
  • CIN 1  - This condition occurs when changes in the cells of the cervix are still little or not too significant. Can be handled or monitored regularly because the cells at the stage of CIN 1 can become normal again without any medical treatment.
  • CIN 2  - There is a change of more than CIN 2; generally abnormal cells removed by a doctor.
  • CIN 3  - At this stage, very abnormal cell changes but not cancerous. CIN 3 cells will be removed by a doctor.

Factors That Can Increase Risk of Cervical Cancer

There are several factors that can increase the risk of cervical cancer among others:
  • Sexual activity too early: Having sexual intercourse at an early age are at increased risk of HPV infection.
  • Flit sexual partners: Having multiple sexual partners increases the risk of HPV infection.
  • Smoking: Women who smoke are twice as much. This may be caused by harmful chemicals than tobacco appears on the cervix.
  • A weakened immune system:  This condition may be due to take certain drugs such as immunosuppressants. These drugs are used so that the body does not reject the donor organ from another person or suffering from  HIV / AIDS.
  • Childbearing:  The more children born to a woman, then the risk of cervical cancer is higher. The woman who has three children, three times more at risk of developing cervical cancer than women who do not have children at all. It is estimated that hormonal changes during pregnancy make the cervix more vulnerable to HPV.
  • Oral contraceptive pill or birth more than five years: Taking the Pill for a long time will increase twice the risk of cervical cancer. Although it is still unclear why.

How Cervical Cancer Spread

If cervical cancer is not diagnosed and untreated, slowly going out of cancer cells from the cervix and spread to organs and surrounding tissue. Cancer can spread to the vagina and the muscles that support the pelvic bone. Cancer cells can also spread to the upper body.These conditions will obstruct the flow from the kidney to the bladder or ureter is often referred to as.
Cancer can spread to the bladder, rectum, and eventually to the liver, bones, and lungs.These cancer cells can also spread to the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system consists of a series of nodes and channels that spread throughout the body in the same way as the circulatory system.
Lymph node generates a lot of specialized cells needed by the immune system. If you are infected, the nodes in the neck or under the arms will swell. At some early stage cervical cancer, lymph node close to the cervix contains cancer cells. And in some late-stage cervical cancer, the lymph nodes in the chest and abdomen can also be infected with cancer.

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