Sunday, March 26, 2017

Recognize Cervical Cancer Causes and risks factors


One of the deadly disease for women is cervical cancer and in the homeland itself was recorded every hour a woman dies from the disease. Therefore, for women should know the factors that cause cervical cancer so they can take action in anticipation of this dangerous disease. Here is his review for you.
Before stepping on the causes of cervical cancer should we know in advance what is meant cervical cancer.Cervical cancer occurs when healthy cells in the cervix or cervical abnormal genetic mutation due to changes in the structure of DNA. These abnormal cells then develop uncontrollably and expanded to invade surrounding tissue. The next stage of the development of abnormal cells that are metastatic to break away from the first location and spread to other body organs.

Risk Factors and Causes Cervical Cancer

Indeed, there are several factors that lead to cervical cancer, but according to research, 99.7% of cervical cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus or HPV. The spread of the virus can occur from intercourse or direct contact between the genital skin or mucous membranes and the exchange of bodily fluids. It is estimated that the spread of the virus as a result of sexual intercourse is for the 33% of women.
If the condition of the body fit, generally some type of HPV virus will die by itself and the infection will recover without medical treatment. Here are some factors that increase the potential for infection with HPV virus that causes cervical cancer.
  1. Sexual intercourse is done too early can increase the potential for infection of HPV virus that cause cervical cancer.
  2. Having a lot of couples in sexual intercourse may also trigger the occurrence of HPV infection.
  3. The potential for developing cervical cancer in women who smoke jumped to two-fold. This is because of harmful chemicals from tobacco smoking.
  4. Women who take immunosuppressant drugs more vulnerable to viral infections including HPV virus because of their weakened immune systems, including women who are suffering from HIV / AIDS.
  5. Too often give birth are also at high risk of developing the disease. It is triggered by hormonal changes when pregnant so that the cervix becomes more vulnerable to infection. A woman who gave birth to three times the risk of developing cervical cancer were also three times more likely than women who do not give birth at all.
  6. Women who choose the pill as a contraceptive and have consumed more than 5 years are also at greater risk of developing cervical cancer. Yet undiscovered clear relation between birth control pills to cause cervical cancer.
Similar to what the cause of vaginal discharge , a trigger factor for cervical cancer could also be avoided by lifestyle and a healthy diet to keep the body fit and able to fend off the attacks of various viruses and bacteria Those are some factors that cause cervical cancer . In order to avoid this deadly disease should be vaccinated as early as possible.

Definition Of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer that appears in the woman's cervix. The cervix itself serves as the entrance to the uterus from the vagina. All women of all ages at risk of developing cervical cancer. However, the disease tends to affect women who are sexually active.
In the early stages, cervical cancer usually has no symptoms. Symptoms of cervical cancer is the most common vaginal bleeding that occurs after sex, beyond the period of menstruation,  or after menopause. Although there is bleeding, does not mean you are suffering from cervical cancer. To ascertain the cause of your condition, ask your doctor immediately. If cervical cancer is suspected, a referral to see a specialist will be given.
Cervical Cancer-Alodokter

Cervical Cancer Patients in Indonesia

In 2014, the WHO said there were more than 92 thousand deaths in the population of women from cancer. Of 10.3 percent is the number of deaths from cervical cancer. While the number of new cases of cervical cancer amounted to almost 21 thousand.
From 2000 through 2012, the younger the age of women who develop cervical cancer, the age range of 21-22 years in 2000 and reaching the age of under 20 years old in 2012. A WHO study reveals a lack of cancer screening measures in Indonesia. Particularly for cervical cancer screening and cervical cytology review is acetic acid, it is generally not available at primary health centers in 2014. It took effect on the number of cervical cancer deaths in Indonesia is high due largely due to the delay in diagnosis. Typically, cancer has spread to other organs in the body when a person checks their condition. This is why treatment is becoming increasingly difficult.

Human Papillomavirus  as Major Cause of Cervical Cancer

Nearly all cases of cervical cancer caused by human  papillomavirus,  or HPV. HPV  is a collection of viruses that cause warts  on the hands, feet, and genitals. There are many types of HPV that most of it are a harmless virus. But there are some types of HPV that interfere with the cells of the cervix to be able to function normally and can eventually lead to cancer. HPV is very common sexually transmitted and can be a  cause of cervical cancer.
Of the many types of HPV, there are two types of HPV that most dangerous virus, HPV 16 and HPV 18. These two types of virus that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer cases. Many women do not realize have been infected, because these HPV types cause no symptoms.It is important to realize that these infections often occur, although many women who are infected do not develop cancer.
Condoms can protect you from HPV during sex, but not always perfect in preventing infection. When infected with HPV, a woman's immune system to prevent the virus from injuring the uterus, but in some women, HPV virus can last for years. This resulted in cells that are on the surface of the cervix change into cancer cells.
Vaccines to prevent HPV infection risk of causing cancer are already available. HPV vaccination that today there is a bivalent vaccine for HPV 16 and 18; complications: vaccine for HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18; or vaccine nonavalent to 9 different types of HPV, namely four types plus 31,33, 45, 52, and 58.

Importance Step  Screening  to Detect Cervical Cancer

Over the years, the cells on the surface of the cervix undergo many changes. These cells can slowly turn into cancer, but the actual cell changes in the cervix can be detected early.Treatment, when the cells are still in the stage of pre-cancers, can be done so that the risk of cervical cancer can be reduced.
Screening for cervical cancer is also known as a  Pap smear or Pap tests. Pap smears are useful to detect if there are abnormal cells that could potentially turn into cancer cells.While doing a  pap smear,  a sample of cells taken from the cervix and examined under a microscope.
Screening of cervical, not a test for diagnosing cervical cancer. This test is useful to examine the health of the cells in the cervix and detect if any abnormal cells. With the detection and removal of abnormal cells, cervical cancer can be prevented to the maximum. In most women, the test will show normal results. But about 5 percent of the tests showed any abnormal changes in cervical cells.
These changes mostly do not lead to cancer and abnormal cells still might be able to return to normal by itself. But, in certain cases, the cells that are abnormal need to be removed because of the potential to become cancerous.
Abnormal Pap test result does not mean that someone is suffering from cervical cancer.Most abnormal results are caused by infection or their risk of cancer cells that can be handled with ease. Advised in women who have been sexually active and aged 25-49 years examined every three years. While women aged 50-64 can be checked every five years. Call your doctor to find out more about this investigation.

Determining the level of Stage Cervical Cancer Treatment

Treatment of cervical cancer depends on several factors. Cervical cancer can be treated by surgery if the diagnosis is made at an early stage. In some cases, only the cervix and uterus removed can be left alone. On a more serious condition, uterus needs to be removed entirely. The process operation for removal of the uterus is called hysterectomy.
While the radiotherapy procedure is an alternative measure for early stage cervical cancer.In certain cases, radiotherapy can also run side by side with the operation. For cases of advanced cervical cancer, is usually treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy methods. Some treatment can have serious side effects and long term, including among them is menopause  early and infertility.

Complications Due to Cervical Cancer

Complications often occur in women suffering from cervical cancer. Complications can arise as a direct result of cancer or the side effects of the treatment performed. For example, for radiotherapy, surgery, or chemotherapy. Complications of cervical cancer are:
  • Complications light: a small vaginal bleeding and/or frequent urination.
  • Severe complications : severe bleeding and even kidney failure.

Cervical Cancer Life Expectancy

The future of cervical cancer patients is determined by the stage of diagnosis of cervical cancer received. Stage cervical cancer stages from one to four, where this stage describes the level of development and spread of cancer. Expectancy survives at least five years after being diagnosed with cervical cancer, grouped into the status of the stadium:
  • Stage 1 - 80-99 percent
  • Stage 2 - 60-90 percent
  • Stage 3 - 30-50 percent
  • Stage 4-20 percent
There is no one specific way to do  the prevention of cervical cancer . But still there are several ways to reduce the risk of this cancer.

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