Thursday, March 30, 2017

Understanding Hair Loss


Hair loss or alopecia is a decrease in the number of hairs on the scalp. Most people have experienced hair loss. Is something that is normal to lose 100 hairs per day. However, if excessive, sometimes there are medical reasons that cause hair loss.

Hair Loss Due to Hormone Changes

The pattern of hair loss due to hormone known by the medical term as androgenic alopecia. This loss usually occurs in men over the age of 50 years, or in women after going through menopause.
Hormones are believed to play a role in hair threshing process is dihydrotestosterone(DHT). This hormone is produced by the hormone progesterone. DHT will cause the hair follicles to shrink so that over time the hair will fall out.
In men, the pattern of hair loss is a typical result of this hormone, which form the distinctive arches on both sides of the temple. Over time, the hairline will be shaped like the letter "M". Apart from the temples, top of the head will also experience hair loss, so that a total hair loss.
Different forms of hair loss will occur in women. Loss due to hormones in women will occur in all parts of the hair, not concentrated in certain areas only. Hair loss in women is also rarely cause thinning hair in certain sections.

Other Reasons For Hair Loss

In addition due to hormonal changes, hair loss can also occur due to certain conditions, such as:
  • The influence of nutrition . Poor nutrition intake can cause hairs grow to be thin and brittle.
  • Chemicals. Hair that is too often undergo chemical processes in the salon are also more prone to hair loss. Frequent hair coloring and permanently straighten it makes the hair shaft becomes more vulnerable to fracture.
  • Diabetes, Down syndrome, and hyperthyroidism . These three conditions can cause hair loss called alopes he areata is characterized by a bald spot the size of a large coin. This loss usually occurs in adolescents and young adults. However, the majority of sufferers hair will grow back after one year.
  • The side effects of drugs. Hair loss can also be caused by drugs commonly used to treat arthritis, depression, heart problems, and high blood pressure.
  • Pressure psychological . Psychological stress (eg stress) can lead to people with thinning hair on the head. However, such loss is usually temporary.
  • Diseases of skin and autoimmune particular . A skin disease that causes the formation of ulcers and a number of autoimmune diseases can cause permanent hair loss.Examples of such conditions among which are lichen planus, sarcoidosis, and discoid lupus erythematosus (discoid lupus erythematosus / DLE).
  • Cancer Treatment Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy can cause a type of hair loss called anagen efluvium (comprehensive loss) This loss can also affect the scalp, face, and body. But most of these cases will not be permanent. Hair can usually grow back after a few months of stopping undergoing chemotherapy.

Hair Loss Treatment

Hair loss is generally part of a natural reaction of the body due to aging, so it does not harm your health. Hence, this disorder is rarely need medical treatment. But if the loss reached alarming levels, the following mitigation measures can be carried out.
Male pattern baldness can be treated with the two drugs, namely finasteride andminoxidil . While baldness women treated with minoxidil.
The purpose of this treatment is usually for aesthetic reasons. The effectiveness of this treatment lasts only for patients using the drug. In addition to medications, hair transplant surgery can also be done.

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