Monday, April 17, 2017

ARRHYTHMIAS - Symptoms, Causes and how to treat

Understanding Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias are heart problems that occur when the organ beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly. It is caused by electrical impulses that controls the heartbeat is not working properly.

ARRHYTHMIAS - Symptoms, Causes and how to treat
There are four types of arrhythmias are relatively common, among them:
  • Bradycardia , a condition when the heart beats more slowly or irregularly.
  • Supraventricular tachycardia , a condition when the heart is beating abnormally fast.
  • Atrial fibrillation , a condition that occurs when the heartbeat becomes irregular and the rate of contraction of the organ is very high.
  • Fibrillation entrikel , which is a type of arrhythmia that can cause the sufferer to lose consciousness or sudden death due to rapid heart rate and irregular.
As a result of heart rate becomes too slow, too fast, or irregular, arrhythmia patients may experience symptoms such as the following:
  • Tired
  • Dizzy
  • Hard to breathe
  • Chest pain
  • Almost fainting or even fainting
See your doctor if you suddenly or often experience symptoms like that. This is so that a doctor can diagnose the type of arrhythmia you quickly and provide appropriate treatment. Diagnosis is also very important to ensure you do not suffer any kind of lethal arrhythmias, such as ventricular fibrillation.
Someone who develop symptoms of arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation can be passed out in a very quick time, or even loss of pulse and not breathing. This occurs due to slumped blood pressure and blood supply to vital organs such as the brain, stalled because of the inability of the heart to pump blood.
If by chance you find an arrhythmia sufferers experience it, take it to the nearest hospital or call an ambulance. If you are trained in artificial breathing or CPR , perform these methods while waiting for help to arrive so that the chances of survival of patients remains great.

The cause of arrhythmia

There are several factors that can cause a person to experience arrhythmias, among them:
  • stress
  • Air pollution
  • Smoke
  • drug use
  • Electric shock
  • The side effects of drugs
  • Too much caffeine or alcohol
  • Suffering from disorders of the thyroid gland
  • diabetes
  • Suffering from hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Exposed to or have ever had a heart attack
  • Suffer from coronary heart
  • Changes in heart structure

diagnosis of arrhythmias

Several types of diagnostic methods for diseases common arrhythmia is:
  • Echocardiogram. Examination aimed to evaluate the valves and heart muscle to detect the cause of arrhythmias is done with the help of ultrasound waves.
  • The electrocardiogram (ECG). The aim of this diagnostic method to record electrical activity in the heart with the help of a tool called electrode.
  • Test exercise pressure. This diagnosis method combined with an electrocardiogram. In the stress test, the patient will be asked to do physical exercise, such as ride a stationary bike or walking on a treadmill. Then the blood pressure and heart rate of patients studied through the monitor. Through this pressure test, the doctor can see how far the level of regularity of the heart rhythm before changing by the influence of physical activity before.
  • Holter Monitor. The purpose of this investigation as well as the workings of the actual equipment used is similar to an electrocardiogram. But the difference device called a Holter monitor can be brought home to record a patient's heart activity during her daily routine.
  • Electrophysiological study. Through this method, the location airtmia and the cause can be determined by using the technique of mapping the spread of electrical impulses in the heart. In mapping, the doctor will insert a catheter equipped with electrodes to some blood vessels in the heart. In addition to seeing the location and cause arrhythmias, electrophysiology studies can also be used similar to the pressure test method. The trick is to stimulate the heart to contract at a level that can trigger rate changes by using the electrode.
  • Cardiac catheterization. This method uses a similar tool electrophysiological study, namely catheter. But in cardiac catheterization, examination is done with the help of a special dye and X-ray to determine the condition of the booth, coronary, valves, and blood vessels of the heart.
Actually, in some cases, doctors can easily diagnose arrhythmias through the examination of the heart rate normal. However there are some conditions other than arrhythmias which also have the same symptoms. Therefore, to better ensure that patients suffering from arrhythmias and causes, tests carried out in more detail. Prompt diagnosis will also help physicians provide appropriate treatment.

treatment of arrhythmia

There are some patients with arrhythmias do not require treatment. Treatment is usually given a doctor if they see symptoms of arrhythmia patients get worse or could potentially cause complications. The type of treatment given is:
  • Drugs, for example, such as beta blocker drugs that can keep the heart rate to remain normal. There was also the anticoagulant drugs that reduce the risk of blood clots and stroke. Examples of anticoagulant drugs are aspirin, warfarin, rivaroxaban, and
  • Pacemakers and imp antable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Interest installation of this equipment is to keep the heart rate remained normal in cases of certain arrhythmias. This tool will be installed doctor under the skin of the upper chest. When these tools detect changes in the heart rhythm, the device will send a short electrical shock to the heart to stop the abnormal rhythm and make it back to normal.
  • Cardioversion. This method may be taken by a doctor if an arrhythmia cases can not be handled by drugs. Through the method of electrical cardioversion, the doctor will give you an electric shock to the chest to restore a normal heart rhythm. Of course, this method is done with anesthesia beforehand. Electrical cardioversion is usually granted in cases of arrhythmia atrial fibrillation and supraventricular tachycardia.
  • Ablation method. This method is usually used to treat arrhythmias lies the cause is already known. Through the method of ablation, the physician inserts a catheter with X-ray guidance through a vein in the leg. When the catheter is able to find the source of heart rhythm disorders, then a small tool that will ruin small portion of the heart tissue.

prevention of arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a heart problem that can be prevented through the following steps:
  • Avoid or reduce stress.
  • Eating a healthy diet.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Not carelessly take medication without medication instructions from your doctor, especially cough and cold medicines that contain stimulants trigger rapid heart beat.
  • Limiting consumption of alcohol and caffeine.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Exercise regularly.

complications arrhythmias

Complications occur if the arrhythmia makes the heart unable to pump blood effectively. If the arrhythmia is not immediately treated or did not receive proper treatment, then in the long term can lead to:
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Dead

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