Monday, April 17, 2017

ASCARIASIS - understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Ascariasis is an infection caused by roundworms. This is a type of parasitic worm that can live and multiply in the human intestine.
Infections caused by these worms usually do not cause specific symptoms. However, the number of roundworm that is very much in the gut could potentially trigger symptoms and serious complications.
ASCARIASIS -  understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

The symptoms of Ascariasis

If there are symptoms, there are two phases of indications that are usually experienced by people with ascariasis, namely early and late phase.
In the early phase of infection, the worm eggs that will hatch swallowed, leading to symptoms such as fever, dry cough, shortness of breath and wheezing. This phase generally can last up to 21 days.
In the late phase, the larvae have moved into the intestines and develop into adult worms. Ascariasis mild to medium to trigger symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or the appearance of blood in the stool.
The more the number of roundworms in the body, the symptoms experienced by sufferers would worsen. Ascariasis severe due to the large number of roundworms in the gut will cause symptoms such as:
  • Severe abdominal pain.
  • Throws up.
  • Fatigue.
  • The presence of worms in the vomit or stool.
  • Weight loss.
Periksakanlah yourself to a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms so that treatment can be done immediately.

Transmission and Risk Factors Ascariasis

Ascariasis can occur if you ingest roundworm eggs contained in water or food. Food grown in contaminated soil roundworm eggs can also be a source of cause ascariasis.
There are a number of factors that can increase the risk of infection and spread of this parasite infection. These risk factors include:
  • Hygiene is not maintained . Ascariasis widely grown in places that are less clean, especially areas that utilize human feces as fertilizer.
  • Age . Ascariasis primarily affects patients aged 10 years and under.
  • The population density . These infections often occur in areas with a high population density.

diagnosis Ascariasis

Besides asking the patient's symptoms and medical history, the doctor will take a stool sample and examine sufferers. This procedure will help the doctor to check the presence or absence of roundworm eggs in the feces sufferers.
Blood tests may be done to see an increase in certain white blood cells known as eosinophilia , but this is not specific to ensure their Ascaris infection. Further examination using X-ray , ultrasound , or CT scan and MRI to see if there are larvae in the lungs, the adult worms in the liver or pancreas, clumps of worms that clog the liver or pancreas.

treatment of Ascariasis

Ascariasis can be treated and cured with anti-parasitic drugs. A number of drugs are usually given by doctors are:
  • Mebendazole . This drug is recommended for patients aged 1 year and above. Side effects that could potentially appear include diarrhea, skin rash, and often waste wind.
  • Piperazine . Infants aged 3 to 11 months is usually recommended taking this medicine 1 times only. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and colic are some side effects of piperazine.
  • Albendazole . These drugs are usually recommended to consume as much as 2 times a day. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and skin rashes are some side effects that may be experienced by patients after taking albendazole.

prevention Ascariasis

Just like any other disease, preventing ascariasis certainly better than cure. The most effective prevention of these infections is to keep clean. Some simple preventive steps we can do is:
  • Always wash your hands with soap and clean water, for example, before eating, cooking, and after defecation.
  • Make sure the dishes thoroughly cooked before eating them.
  • Drink water in containers sealed when traveling. If not available, cook until boiling water before drinking it.
  • Consumption of fruits that can be peeled, such as oranges or apples.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption.

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