Wednesday, April 19, 2017

BLADDER STONE : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding The Bladder Stone

Bladder stone or bladder calculi are stones formed from mineral deposits present in the bladder. The size of the bladder varies greatly and everyone has a risk of having bladder stones. But elderly men, usually more than 52 years old, more often experience it, especially those suffering from prostate enlargement.
Urine can be blocked by bladder stones. The urinary tract obstruction can cause pain during urination, and difficulty urinating or can not urinate at all.
BLADDER STONE : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Infection and other complications may occur if bladder stones are not treated. Usually, you need the help of a doctor to remove the bladder stone from the body. But small bladder stones may come out in conjunction with urine.

Symptoms of bladder stones

Some of the symptoms are felt by the majority of patients with bladder stones because the stone clogs the urinary tract or only injures the bladder wall. Some of the symptoms are:
  • Pain during urination.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Urine looks more dark and dark.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • The urge to urinate more frequently.
  • Urination is not smooth or faltering
  • The lower abdomen painful.
  • The penis feels uncomfortable or ill.
In children, there are two additional symptoms of bladder stones that are strong and painful erections that have nothing to do with sexual stimulation in boys and bed wetting.
If the size of the bladder can be small enough to get out with the urine, sometimes the bladder stones are asymptomatic. Immediately consult a doctor if you feel there is a change in frequency of urination, blood in your urine, and a strong pain in the abdomen.

Causes of bladder stones

The inability to get rid of all urine from within the bladder is the main cause of the formation of stones in the bladder. Minerals in the remaining urine in the bladder will precipitate and then harden and crystallize into stone. There are several conditions that cause the formation of bladder stones, namely:
  • Swelling. The formation of bladder stones can be triggered by swelling of the bladder. This swelling is caused by urinary tract infections and radiation therapy in the pelvic area.
  • Prostate enlargement. The prostate gland in most men over 50 will enlarge and suppress the urinary tract and block the normal flow of urine from the bladder. This causes the risk of bladder stone formation enlarged.
  • Sistokel. This occurs in women in which one area of the bladder wall weakens or slows and falls towards the vagina. This condition will trap the flow of urine so that the urine settles to form a bladder stone.
  • Medical equipment. Urine catheter or family planning tool can sometimes be the cause of bladder formation. Minerals in urine often crystallize on the surface of these medical devices.
  • Diet. The risk of bladder stones will be higher when a diet high in fat, sugar, or salt is done and the intake of vitamins A and B is low. Lack of drinking water can also increase the risk of bladder stones forming.
  • Damage of bladder nerve. When the bladder control nerves are damaged, the urine may not be completely discharged out of the body. This nerve damage condition is commonly called the neurogenic bladder. This damage can be caused by a serious injury to the spine or due to neurological diseases such as spina bifida.
  • Kidney stones. Because the process of formation is different, kidney stones are not the same as bladder stones. But usually, small kidney stones can go down into the bladder and become a bladder stone.
  • Bladder particle. The condition in which the pockets form on the bladder wall at birth. This extra bladder can also form due to infection or enlarged prostate. This causes the diverting of the bladder difficult to empty the urine and form a bladder stone.
  • Bladder enlargement surgery. Five percent of people who undergo bladder enlargement surgery will develop bladder stones.

Diagnosis of bladder stones

There are several ways that doctors can do to determine if a person has bladder stones, namely:
  • Spiral CT Scan. Considered the keenest test for detecting bladder stones. Spiral CT Scan can detect various types of bladder stones with small size though.
  • Physical examination. The doctor will examine the lower abdomen to see if the bladder is enlarged.
  • X-ray Imaging. Using the help of X-rays to check the bladder can detect bladder stones, but some types of stone can not be detected by X-rays. X-ray imaging can also be combined with intravenous pyelogram examination, which uses injections of contrast compounds into the pulse. The contrast will flow to the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. This substance gives color to the urinary tract to be visible during X-ray imaging.
  • An analyst is a urine. The doctor will ask for an example of your urine and check the amount of blood, bacteria, and minerals that crystallize. Urine examination can also help detect urinary tract infections that may cause bladder stones.
  • Ultrasound. Tests by utilizing these sound waves can also help the doctor know the position of the bladder stone.

Treatment of bladder stones

If according to the diagnosis, the stone inside your bladder is small enough that your doctor may suggest drinking 1200 milliliters of water a day. The goal is that the bladder is carried out by the urine. But if the size is large enough there are some medical actions that can be done to remove the bladder stone from the body.
The first is cystolith Lapa XY which the doctor will destroy the stone inside the bladder into a small piece with a laser, ultrasound, or mechanical device. After the stone becomes a small piece, the doctor will remove it along with urine. Patients will be at risk of infection and injury to the bladder if using this procedure. The doctor will give antibiotics before the procedure begins to reduce the risk of infection.
The second is by surgery. This surgical procedure is performed if the bladder stones are too large and too hard to remove by cystolith Lapa XY.
Ten percent of bladder mason patients have a risk of complications of the bladder and urethral infections. Generally, the doctor will give antibiotics if symptoms appear bladder and urethral infections.
Because the water is able to dissolve the mineral deposits in the bladder, it is advisable to drink plenty of mineral water to prevent the formation of bladder stones. Consult a doctor to determine the amount of water consumption is sufficient because the amount of water depends on the size of the body, activity, age, and health level of each person.

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