Thursday, April 27, 2017

CONTACT DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin, characterized by itchy red rash, which appears as a result of contact with certain substances. Rash arising from inflammation is not contagious or dangerous but can cause discomfort to the sufferer.

CONTACT DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Contact dermatitis is a part of eczema or eczema, where the skin may become red, dry and cracked. Contact dermatitis can occur on skin anywhere on the body but usually, affect the skin contact dermatitis hands and face. So that treatment can be a success, the patient must identify and avoid the causes of contact dermatitis on their skin.

Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis

A symptom is something that is felt and it is reported by the patient. In contact dermatitis, a common skin symptom sufferers are:
  • Rash.
  • Inflammation.
  • Itching that sometimes feels worse.
  • Dry.
  • Swelling.
  • Dry skin.
  • Scaly.
  • Blister blister.
  • Thicken.
  • Chapped.
  • Hurt when touched or appear pain.
  • For severe ones, contact dermatitis can cause rupture of the blister and the formation of a hard layer covering the holes outbreak brownish skin blisters.
The severity of the rash that appears depends on several things, namely:
  • Length skin is exposed to substances cause contact dermatitis.
  • Strength appearance of the rash-causing substances.
  • Environmental factors such as air temperature, air flow and sweat due to the use of gloves.
  • Hereditary factors that affect a person's body's response when exposed to certain substances.
The symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis will usually appear about 48 hours. While the symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis usually takes a few days to develop.
Sometimes, the affected skin can be infected contact dermatitis. Signs of skin to become infected include:
  • The symptoms are felt worse.
  • Discharge of pus from the skin.
  • The pain increases.
  • Feeling unwell.
  • Fever.

Causes of Contact Dermatitis

The cause of contact dermatitis is skin contact with certain substances that cause irritation or trigger allergic reactions. There are two types of contact dermatitis which are distinguished by a skin reaction to substances cause dermatitis, namely:
  • Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when the skin is exposed to certain substances that damage the outer layer of skin, causing skin redness, itching, and pain or stinging sensations arise.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when skin is exposed to a substance that causes the immune system reacts abnormally and invade healthy cells and tissues of the body that causes the skin to become inflamed and painful.
Some substances that can cause irritant contact dermatitis are:
  • Soaps and detergents.
  • Antiseptic and antibacterial.
  • Perfumes and preservatives in personal care products or cosmetics.
  • Solvent.
  • Engine lubricating oil.
  • Disinfectant.
  • Acid and alkali solution.
  • Semen.
  • Powder, or dust, or soil.
  • Water containing chlorine or chalk.
  • Some specific plant species.
  • Bleach.
  • Spirit.
The risk of irritant contact dermatitis will increase if your line of work is directly in contact with the materials mentioned above. Some jobs are more at risk for these conditions are farmers, cooks, machine operators, workers in chemical plants, beautician and cosmetology, janitor, and others.
While some substances that generally can cause allergic contact dermatitis are:
  • Cosmetic ingredients such as preservatives, perfume, nail polish hardeners, hair dyes.
  • Metals, such as nickel or cobalt in jewelry.
  • Some topical medications.
  • Rubber, including latex.
  • Textiles, in particular dyes and resins contained therein.
  • Lem kuat.
  • Some specific plant species.
  • Airborne substances, such as aromatherapy and insect sprays.
  • Leather products that react when exposed to sunlight, such as some types of sunscreen.

Diagnosis of Contact Dermatitis

Diagnosis is a step the doctor to identify the disease or condition that explains the symptoms and signs experienced by the patient. Your doctor will look for the root cause of contact dermatitis to ask personal and family medical history, history of allergies, and your job. In addition, some of the checks to be carried doctor to diagnose contact dermatitis are:
  • Physical examination. The doctor will see that allegedly affected skin contact dermatitis and learn the symptoms felt by the patient.
  • Patch test. In this test a doctor would put a paper containing some of the allergens in the skin, to identify the substance causes of allergic contact dermatitis.
  • Roat test. In this test the patients will be required to attach certain substances several times on the same skin twice a day for 5 to 10 days to see how the skin reaction.

Contact Dermatitis Treatment and Complications

Treatment can help people to cope with contact dermatitis and relieve symptoms. There are several ways to deal with contact dermatitis:
  • Avoid exposure to irritants and allergens in the skin. Patients are encouraged to seek out any substances that cause contact dermatitis.
  • Using moistened skin. This is done to reduce the risk of dry skin and protects the skin.
  • Applying corticosteroid cream medications. This type of drug is able to cope with red skin, pain, and inflammation caused by contact dermatitis.
  • Eating corticosteroid tablets. This drug will be given if the patient is suffering from a severe contact dermatitis, in which the affected area of skin which is quite extensive.
  • Immunosuppressant therapy. The provision of drugs to reduce inflammation by suppressing the immune system.
  • Phototherapy. Areas affected skin is given exposure to UV rays to help restore appearance. Typically, this technique recommended by a dermatologist to repair the affected skin form.
Use of medication for the treatment of any type of contact dermatitis, it is recommended to follow the instructions on the packaging and on the physician regarding dosage and rules.
In order not to aggravate the symptoms of contact dermatitis that appears, it is advisable to avoid scratching rashes or inflammation that occurs on your skin. Use loose clothing and has a soft texture to avoid excessive irritation. You can soak the affected skin with cold water sprinkled with baking soda.
If not handled properly, contact dermatitis can cause some complications as follows:
  • Skin itching and scaly chronic. This condition is commonly called neurodermatitis. If scratched, the skin will feel itchier.
  • Infection If people with this condition constant scratching, the rash on the skin will be wet. This is an ideal condition for the growth of bacteria and fungi and can cause infection.

Prevention of Contact Dermatitis

The best way to prevent contact dermatitis is to avoid contact or direct contact with allergens and irritants. If you can not avoid it, there are several ways to reduce the risk of contact dermatitis, namely:
  • Diligent memblear skin.
  • Wear protective clothing or gloves, to reduce direct skin contact with allergens and irritants.
  • Replace body care products. If the body care products that are used to cause allergies or irritation.
  • Keep pets. Some pets can spread allergens from plants with ease.
  • Use moistenedp.
  • Changing the diet program. Contact dermatitis can occur because of an allergy to nickel substances contained in some foods.

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