Wednesday, April 19, 2017

COUGHING UP BLOOD : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Definition Coughing Blood

Coughing up blood or hemoptysis is the state when a person has a cough with blood. Coughing up blood itself is a form of symptoms that can arise due to a number of conditions, whether serious or not. If coughing up blood experienced by the young age who have a history of good health, this is usually not a sign of a serious illness. However, if those affected are known to have a history of poor health or she is a smoker, it is possible that this blood cough as a symptom of a serious condition.
COUGHING UP BLOOD  : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Shape assortment coughing up blood, blood is accompanied by a frothy texture or pink, some are accompanied by blood mixed with mucus. See your doctor or go to hospital if you experience:
  • Cough accompanied by sputum mixed with blood.
  • Cough with enough blood volume.
  • Blood cough accompanied by symptoms of weight loss and loss of appetite.
  • Coughing up blood is accompanied by shortness of breath, fever, headache, night sweats, and chest pain.
  • Coughing up blood is accompanied by urine or feces that also mixed with blood.
  • Blood cough that lasts longer than a week.
  • Coughing up blood that often appear and disappear.

Cause coughing up blood

Several conditions can cause coughing up blood include:
  • Bronchitis. Coughing up blood caused by this condition rarely develops into a serious or life-threatening sufferers.
  • Prolonged severe coughing.
  • Bronchiectasis. In addition to coughing up blood, a type of lung disease also causes a buildup of mucus in the airways.
  • Infection of the lungs In addition to coughing up blood, people with this condition will emit colored or purulent sputum, and shortness of breath and fever.
  • Pulmonary edema or fluid buildup Bloody cough usually occurs in patients with pulmonary edema were also diagnosed have heart problems. The blood that comes out when you cough will have a foamy texture and pink.
  • Pulmonary emboli , or blood clots In addition to coughing up blood, this condition can cause chest pain and shortness of breath suddenly.
  • Tuberculosis or TB. This is a class of severe lung infection. In addition to coughing up blood, tuberculosis can also cause the sufferer to experience fever and excessive sweating.
  • Throat cancer
  • anker lungs.
  • Severe injuries, for example due to traffic accidents or exposed to the weapon.
  • The side effects of blood-thinning drugs.
  • The side effects of drug use.
  • Stomach ulcers or heartburn.
In addition to these conditions, coughing up blood can also be caused by bleeding in the throat, mouth, or nose mixed with saliva when the sufferer coughs.

Diagnosis coughing up blood

Aside from patient information about his medical history, as well as other symptoms that accompany coughing up blood, diagnosis can also be supported by the following tests:
  • Examination of sputum samples.
  • Blood tests. This test actually covers a lot of things. In addition to the levels of red and white blood cells, doctors can also measure electrolytes and renal function of patients by examining chemical substances in blood. Doctors also can measure the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood through an examination called pulse oximetry and blood gas analysis. In addition, doctors can also measure the blood's ability to clot through coagulation tests.
  • Bronchoscopy. This test is performed by inserting an instrument called an endoscope into the respiratory tract through the mouth or nose. Hose-shaped device equipped with a camera that will help the doctor determine the cause of coughing up blood.
  • CT scans. This scan aims to generate images of the breast structure in detail.
  • X-ray examination of the chest. Through this scan, doctors can know their health problems, such as infection or accumulation of fluid in the lungs.

Treatment coughing up blood

Blood cough treatment should be based on the cause. In addition to stopping coughing up blood, the goals of treatment itself is curing the underlying condition. Some types of blood cough treatment includes:
  • Giving antibiotics for lung infections caused by bacteria, such as tuberculosis or pneumonia.
  • Steroid if coughing up blood caused by inflammation.
  • Radiation therapy or chemotherapy if coughing up blood caused by lung cancer.
  • Bronchial artery embolization if coughing up blood caused by bleeding in the arteries. Through this method, the doctor will block the artery in question by using a substance or even a metal coil and divert blood flow to the arteries that are more healthy. Identify the source of the bleeding can be helped by a catheter through the monitor.
  • Surgery to treat symptoms of coughing up blood as a result of life-threatening conditions, such as surgical removal of the lung in severe lung disease.

1 comment: