Thursday, April 20, 2017

COUGHS : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding Cough-Cough

Coughing is a natural response of the body's defense system as airway if there is interference from outside. This response serves mucus or factors causing irritation or irritants (such as dust or smoke) to get out of the lungs and.
A cough rarely indicates serious illness and will generally heal within three weeks, so it does not require treatment. The effectiveness of cough medicines has not proven entirely. Homemade concoctions such as honey and lemon can help relieve a mild cough.
COUGH - COUGH : understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Type -a type cough

Types of a cough include a dry cough and phlegm.
Early signs of a dry cough usually are itching in the throat that triggers a cough. A cough without sputum is common in the final stages of a cold or when there is exposure to irritants.
In the case of phlegm, cough it is very helpful as it works to remove phlegm. The sputum can come from the throat, sinuses, and lungs.
Cough Causes
Respiratory tract infections caused by viruses are the main cause for most sufferers. In addition, there are several causes of cough  others include:
  • Long-term disease recurrence, such as asthma , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or bronchitis  chronic.
  • Allergic rhinitis, such as an allergy to pollen  (hay fever).
  • GERD. The disease causes stomach acid to the esophagus and trigger gather a cough.
  • Liquid dripping from the nose to the throat.
  • Smoke or use tobacco in any other way.
  • Exposure to dust, fumes, and chemicals.
Although rare, the factors above can still be the original cause of the disease that causes a long-term cough.

diagnosis Cough

A mild cough rarely requires specific treatment steps. However, immediately consult a physician if you have a cough that:
  • More than three weeks due to a viral infection.
  • Worse.
  • With blood, difficulty breathing, chest pain, weight loss for no apparent reason, fever, or swelling and blisters on the neck.
The doctor will ask the symptoms and examine your physical condition. Your medical history and family will also be asked at the start of the examination. If you are unsure of the cause of your cough, the doctor will probably encourage further tests which include:
  • Intake of sputum samples to determine the presence of bacterial infection and antibiotics will be given if a cough is caused by bacteria.
  • Chest X-rays to check whether you have an infection of the lungs.
  • Spirometry, the procedure inhale and exhale through a tube connected to the machine. This step serves to check if you have a respiratory disease or not.
  • Allergy tests to check whether your cough is caused by something that trigger allergies, such as dust mites.

A cough in Infants and Children ren

A cough in infants and children caused by the same factors with a cough in adults, such as respiratory tract infections, asthma, and GERD.
If a cough becomes prolonged, it could be a sign of respiratory tract infections are more serious. Consult a doctor if your child has a severe cough and do not go away so that treatment  can be done immediately.
Alert to the symptoms of whooping cough are also very important, especially in children and infants. Symptoms of whooping cough include:
  • The shrill sound of every deep breath after coughing.
  • Coughing repeatedly and intensely thick sputum.
  • Fatigue and flushed with prolonged cough.
  • Gag.
In addition to whooping cough, cough in infants and children can also be caused by bronchiolitis and croup. Bronchiolitis is an infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants and children under the age of two years. While croup is a viral infection that attacks the larynx (voice box) or trachea (windpipe) infants and children.

Causes Of Cough-Cough

A viral infection that causes a cough usually subside on its own. Coughing can be classified into an acute and chronic cough by the duration of the course.

cough Acute

Most coughs are caused by a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract and lower.
Respiratory tract infections upper include colds, flu, laryngitis, sinusitis and whooping cough. This infection attacks the throat, windpipe, and sinuses. While bronchitis and  pneumonia are examples of a viral infection of the lower respiratory tract, which is good in the lower respiratory tract itself or in the lungs.
In addition to the infection, the cause of an acute cough can also be triggered by a number of factors. Some of them are:
  • Chronic diseases, such as asthma , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and chronic bronchitis.
  • initial allergies or hay fever.
  • Not intentionally inhale cough triggers, such as dust or smoke.

A chronic cough or Long Term

Although rare, the cough may indicate a more serious health condition. For example, tuberculosis, pulmonary embolism, lung cancer, or heart failure.
This type of a cough is more common in adults than with children. Some causes of a persistent cough in adults include:
  • Prescription drugs, such as drugs used to treat hypertension or heart disease.
  • Smoking . A cough in smokers could also be symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
  • Diseases of stomach acid because of the irritation caused by acid reflux.
  • Long-term respiratory tract infections, such as chronic bronchitis.
  • Disease chronic, such as asthma.
  • Postnasal drip  (mucus dripping from the back of the nose to the throat caused by allergies such as rhinitis).

Treatment Of Cough-Cough

There is no faster way to cure a cough due to viral infection. A cough usually resolves itself after the body's immune system destroy the virus. But there are a number of ways to relieve coughs that we can do. Simple measures include:
  • Eating honey water mixed with lemon. This is the most simple and inexpensive herb that can be used to treat coughs. With moisturize the throat, honey can ease irritation that causes coughing. However, you should not give honey to infants under the age of one year, due to the risk of botulism (poisoning honey) in infants.
  • Make sure you or your child drink plenty of fluids. This step can help dilute phlegm in the throat. This step can also prevent dehydration.
  • Stop Smoking. This step not only is healthy lungs but also your overall body. Your breathing will improve and symptoms such as coughing or shortness of breath may subside after quitting smoking.
  • Using more than one pillow in order to relieve the cough frequency during sleep.
  • Eating paracetamol or ibuprofen if needed. These drugs relieve pain to work.
In addition to the simple handling steps, the consumption of cough medicine may also be used for those in need. Types of cough medicines are divided into two categories, namely expectorant (thinning phlegm) and antitussive (cough suppressant).
The expectorant drug works to help remove phlegm. These types of drugs suitable for treating cough with phlegm because it may help you to remove phlegm that a cough becomes lighter.
While antitussive or cough suppressant drugs are drugs that stimulate brain functions to suppress the cough reflex. Types of drugs are only effective for a dry cough.
Efficacy of cough medicine has not been proven completely, although some claim helped by cough medicine. Cough medicines whose composition is not too much and only serves to suppress the kind of symptoms, better than the drug used to treat all kinds of symptoms.
If your cough is triggered by illness or other medical condition, addressing the cause is the most effective step. For example:
  • Your consumption of antibiotics for secondary bacterial infections, such as pneumonia , because antibiotics are only useful for killing bacteria and not viruses.
  • The use of an inhaler (inhaler) containing steroids to deal with asthma.
  • The consumption of antacids for patients with diseases of stomach acid.
  • Antihistamines in order to cope with allergies.
  • For patients with a cough induced COPD, can take drugs that dilate the airways (bronchodilators).

No comments:

Post a Comment