Friday, April 28, 2017

Divertikulitis - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Divertikulitis
Divertikulitis is a condition in which the colon pouch (large intestine) experiencing inflammation or infection. The formation of the pouch or a lump in the walls of the small intestine itself is a common disorder named divertikula.
The formation of divertikula that occurs on the wall of the colon known with the name divertikulosis. Until this time, have not known what the main causes of divertikulosis. But the experts suspect that low diet of fiber become catalyst.
Divertikulitis - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Generally diidap Divertikula by age of 40 years, because of the large intestine they already down. Divertikula more often happens in countries of Europe and North America than in Asia and Africa. Men and women have the same risk for affected divertikulosis. 
The symptoms Divertikulitis
Symptoms is something that felt and told by the patients. Divertikulitis have some symptoms that can survive from a few hours to a few days. The symptoms of divertikulitis is: 
  • Pain sensitive or crampy on the abdomen, generally left lower abdomen and more felt when the body touched.
  • Fever tremble.
  • The sensation of bloating or stomach feels full of gas.
  • Diarrhea or constipation.
  • Nausea and sometimes vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
Causes and risk factors of Divertikulitis
Divertikulitis still unknown causes no doubt. There are allegations of development of bacteria in the pouch in the wall of the intestine (divertikula), can trigger inflammation or infection.
Low fiber diet is suspected to cause the formation of divertikula because without fiber, colon must work harder to push the food. The pressure of the colon when encourage food can cause the formation of the pouch on the weak points along the wall of the colon.
Some of the things that increase the risk of a person affected by divertikulitis is: 
  • Genetic factors. There are members of the family who gets divertikulosis.
  • Age. The older someone, risk divertikulitis also increasingly high.
  • Drugs. Currently consume drugs non-steroidal anti-inflammation or aspirin will increase the risk of divertikulitis.
  • Obesity.
  • . Diet is a strict diet low in fiber and high fats.
  • Smoking rooms.
  • Less sports.
Diagnosis Divertikulitis
The diagnosis is a doctor steps to identify the disease or condition that explains the symptoms and signs of experienced by the patients. The test is usually done by the doctor to diagnose divertikulitis is: 
  • Physical Examination. The doctor will check the abdomen patients to layout in inflammation the abdominal cavity usually pain when the stomach is pressed.
  • Blood Tests to see if the infection or bleeding in the colon patients.
  • Test the pregnancy, to ensure that the abdominal pain experienced by patients with not caused by pregnancy.
  • Analysis of the tests urination, will indicate whether the patients experience urinary tract infections.
  • Imaging tests. Patients will undergo imaging procedures or X-ray CT scan on the abdomen.
  • Liver function tests to test whether patients with liver failure.
  • Digital rectal pain checks to see whether there is a lump in the pelvis the bottom.
  • Sigmodoskopi or colonoscopy, will be recommended a doctor if the symptoms gravitated toward the bleeding from the bowel patients.
  • Blood tests vague on samples of defecation. To check whether there was blood on the defecation patients.
The treatment of Divertikulitis
Ways of handling divertikulitis usually depend on the severity of the diidap divertikulitis patients. To divertikulitis lightweight, patients will only prescribed medications antibiotics, drugs pereda pain and dietary fiber low but fluid. This step is done until the pain lost.
If that is the divertikulitis diidap patients with acute or already complicated, then patients need to be hospitalized in the hospital. Some types of treatment for patients with acute divertikulitis is: 
  • Intravenous antibiotics, usually given to deal with the infection that cause pain.
  • Suck up the contents of the intestines to the stomach remained empty, if patients experience vomiting or distended abdomen.
  • Surgery for lifting the intestines are infected. Done if happened complications, experience divertikulitis kambuhan, no immune system disorders patients.
  • Found sharply deteriorating intestines, to overcome the colon is clogged. To do not give any liquid and total parenteral nutrition to patients.
The complications and Prevention Divertikulitis
There are several complications that can be experienced by patients with acute divertikulitis: 
  • Peritonitis, which can appear because of the outbreak of the pouch intestines are infected and poured the contents into the abdominal cavity.
  • The emergence of abscesses on the intestinal cavity when pus deposited in the pouch (divertikula intestine).
  • Obstruction of the colon or small intestine, because the emergence of fibrosis tissue.
  • The emergence of channel is not normal (massive gastrointestinal bleeding) between the part of the intestine or between the intestines with bladder.
  • Small bowel disorders. Divertikulitis cause meradangnya portion of the bowel that come into contact with the bladder. This leads to the pain during urination, small bowel frequency more often, and the entrance of air in the urine.
While to prevent divertikulitis, a person can perform the following: 
  • Consume much fluid.
  • The consumption of the food intake of fibrous high but low in fat or consume red meat.
  • Sports with regularly.

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