Wednesday, April 26, 2017

FEVER IN CHILDREN: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding Fever In Children

Fever is not a disease but is a symptom. Fever occurs when the immune system is fighting against infection. In medical terms, a person is called a fever if his temperature reaches 37.5 degrees Celsius or more.
 FEVER IN CHILDREN: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

The quickest, the easiest, and easiest way to find out if your child has a fever is to check his temperature. Examination of body temperature is done by using a thermometer. Do not rely on hand traps to measure fever. The child's temperature may be higher than expected.
Children are more likely to have a fever, and in general, the cause of the fever is not something serious or serious.
The condition of the fever itself actually has the functions and benefits of the body. With the increase in body temperature, will make the infection-causing germs feel uncomfortable in the child's body.
Fever will be more common in infants aged six months to five years. This is because of mild viral infections such as flu or colds, which can be treated on their own.

Causes Fever In Children

Listed below are the causes of fever in children from mild to dangerous:
  • Respiratory tract infections: can be caused by bacteria or viruses. Starting from colds ,  flu, sore throat up.
  • Ear infections.
  • tonsillitis
  • The side effects of immunization .
  • Sinusitis.
  • Virus roseola.
  • Diarrhea caused by contaminated food (gastroenteritis).
  • Kidney infection.
  • A whooping cough.
  • Dysentery.
  • Typhus .
  • Chickenpox .
  • Dengue fever.
  • Malaria.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Pneumonia: inflammation of the lungs caused by an infection.
  • Meningitis or inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain.
  • Septicemia or blood infection.
  • Hot environment and the use of clothes that are too thick or layered.
High body temperature which makes bacteria and viruses that cause infections difficult to survive.
Body considered to have a fever if over the limit of normal body temperature, 37.5 degrees Celsius. Sometimes there are other symptoms that accompany the fever, such as sweating, trembling, headache, muscle aches, loss of appetite, dehydration, and the body felt weak.
Fever in children is a normal reaction of the body against infections. But the fever can be dangerous if it is accompanied by complications.
When the Right for Medical Assistance

The following are some of the symptoms that occur along with fever and ought to be aware of:
  • The child's body becomes much more supple and reduced consciousness.
  • Being sensitive to bright light.
  • The reaction was less responsive.
  • More often sleep and difficult to develop.
  • Experiencing confusion.
  • Experience an interruption in breathing.
  • Experiencing symptoms of dehydration such as infrequent urination, crying without the tears, and a little sweat despite the heat.
  • Vomiting accompanied by headache  or stiff neck.
  • The inside of the lips or skin looks pale or began to turn blue.
  • Experiencing pain in the ear.
  • Abdominal pain or pain when urinating.
  • Experiencing convulsions .
  • High fever accompanied by a rash .
  • Vomiting or diarrhea  that is sustainable and does not subside.
  • Swelling of the throat.
If your child aged 0-6 months with a fever of 38 degrees Celsius or more, should be immediately taken to a doctor. For children over 6 months, should be taken to the doctor if you have had a fever for more than 24 hours.

Treatment Of Fever In Children

If the child has a fever, make sure they drink plenty of cold water. Although when the child is not thirsty, try to get them to drink little by little. Fever will make the child lose fluid faster so the risk for dehydration is higher. Avoid drinks that contain caffeine because it can cause dehydration.
Fever-lowering medications such as paracetamol  and ibuprofen  may be given to a child with a fever. But, always follow the instructions and the rules to use as written on the packaging. Age, height, and weight of the child will determine the required dose of the child. This medicine is given so that your child feels more comfortable and calm.
Keep aspirin from children. Aspirin can cause the side effects of Reye's syndrome, a fatal disease that affects the brain and the liver.
Here are other steps to overcome fever in children:
  • Make sure the room air temperature is good enough. Give a thin dress to heat the body out.
  • Always check the child's body temperature regularly. Use a thermometer and do not rely on hand touch.
  • Make the environment as comfortable as possible for your child can rest. Make sure he gets enough rest. Children will usually be fussy when they have a fever.
  • Compress with ordinary or cold water.
  • Make sure your child does not feel cold or overheated. Cover with a blanket to taste.
  • Give your child an easily digestible diet. But still, choose foods that nourish the body.
  • Give medicines according to the dosage and the life rules. Ask your doctor if you are in doubt and do not combine medications without knowing the content and life rules.
Fever in children can cause several complications if not treated properly. It is important to look for and evaluate other symptoms that come with a fever. The following are the possible complications of fever:
  • Severe dehydration.
  • Hallucinations.
  • Convulsions .
  • A serious illness that is undetected and changed to a severe stage.

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