Saturday, April 1, 2017

Retinal detachment - Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors, diagnosis, Treatment and prevention

Definition Retina Ablation

Retinal detachment is a condition where the retina (a thin layer located at the back of the eye) starts regardless of the blood vessels that distribute oxygen and nutrients. Retina is an important part of the eye that serves to process all of the light entering the eye.
The aging process is one of the causes of retinal detachment is most common. Most of retinal detachment cases occur in people aged 60 to 70 years. However, do not rule out the possibility of retinal detachment can occur in young adults or children. Usually the main causes of retinal detachment in the younger age group is any history of trauma to the eye
The Retinal detachment Prevention
retina ablation -
Retinal detachment usually occurs only in one eye. If not handled properly, patients can be at risk for retinal detachment permanent blindness.

Symptoms Retina Ablation

Retinal detachment of the layer behind it will not be painless. Often, the retinal retinal detachment occurs suddenly. But there are also some early signs that indicate that you may experience retinal detachment, among others:
  • Appears floaters in the eye of a sudden. Floaters are black spots that seemed to hover in one's field of vision.
  • Cobweb effect due to the many floater s .
  • Blurred vision or impaired.
  • Appeared flashes of light in the eye that just appeared no more than a second.
  • Sight the side of the eye slowly reduced.
  • Vision obscured by shadows like curtains.
See your doctor if you feel any of these symptoms before the condition worsened and you lose sight.

Causes and Risk Factors Retina Ablation

Retinal detachment often occurs due to a small tear in the retina, so that the vitreous fluid (fluid in the middle part of the eyeball) will infiltrate in the gap between the retina and the layer behind it. This fluid will accumulate and cause all layers of retina to detach from the bottom. This condition is called retinal detachment.
Cutouts retina itself may occur due to several things below:
  • Retinal thinning and fragile due to increasing age.
  • Diabetes with complications in the eye.
  • Eye injury.
  • Decreased production of vitreous fluid, so that the vitreous shrinks. Shrinkage of the vitreous will pull the retina from the bottom, causing the tear.
Retinal detachment usually occurs in people who are over 50 years old. In addition to advanced age, some factors that cause a person's risk of retinal detachment is getting bigger:
  • Ever suffered from retinal detachment before.
  • Having a family member living with retinal detachment.
  • Suffer from nearsightedness (myopia) severe.
  • He had undergone eye surgery or severe eye injury.
  • Never other eye disease or inflammation.

The diagnosis of retinal detachment

Retinal detachment diagnosis is usually made by an ophthalmologist. If the ophthalmologist to suspect patient is exposed to retinal detachment, then there are some actions that may be performed inspection, namely:
  • Examination of the inside of the eye This is done by using an ophthalmoscope or slitlamp .
  • Ultrasound imaging test This method is carried out if the retina can not be observed clearly by examination using an ophthalmoscope or slitlamp .

Retina Ablation Treatment

Surgery will be necessary to handle the condition of retinal detachment. Generally, patients with retinal detachment only need to undergo one surgery.
If the retina is torn or perforated but have not yet reached the stage apart, there are several types of laser therapy that can be done about them, namely:
  • Freezing (kriopeksi). An ophthalmologist will freeze the tear in the retina, causing scars that helps the retina attached to the wall of the eye.
  • Laser surgery (photocoagulation). An ophthalmologist will direct the laser beam to burn a bit of tissue around the tear in the retina, causing scars that helps the retina attached to the wall of the eye.
If the patient's retina has been detached, then the patient needs surgery to deal with it.Several types of surgery that can be done to treat a detached retina are:
  • Pneumatic retinopexy . An ophthalmologist will inject a small gas bubbles that will hit the retina back into its normal position. This type of surgery is selected if the part of the retina that is detached only slightly .
  • Vitrectomy. In this type of surgery, the doctor will take the vitreous fluid inside the eye, then replacing it with gas or silicone bubble.
  • Scleral buckling . An ophthalmologist will sew silicone rubber or sponge on the outside of the white of the eye (sclera). This silicone rubber will bind and suppress the white of the eye so that the retina can be attached to the back wall of the eye.

Retinal detachment prevention

You can reduce the risk of retinal detachment through some of the following, among others:
  • Use eye protection when exercising or other risky activities.
  • Check the eye once every year on a regular basis.
  • Consult with an ophthalmologist immediately if it appears the new floaters, flashes of light, or any changes to the vision of the eye.
  • Control blood sugar and blood pressure of blood vessels into the retina in order to stay healthy.

No comments:

Post a Comment