Friday, April 14, 2017

Wind seat - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Wind Business

Wind sitting or angina is a condition characterized by chest pain due to heart muscles get less blood supply. Disruption of blood supply is due to narrowing or hardening of the arteries. Attacks can occur wind sits suddenly.

Chest pain experienced by people sitting possibility wind could spread to the left arm, neck, jaw, and back. In addition to these symptoms, the symptoms of other seating wind is:
  • Hard to breathe.
  • The body feels tired.
  • Nausea.
  • Dizzy.
  • Restless.
  • Excessive sweat.
Although not all chest pain associated with heart disease, you should still be wary. See a doctor if you feel a sudden pain in the chest, but had never been diagnosed with any heart problems. While not all chest pain caused by disorders of the heart, went to the doctor is the safest move.

Causes Wind Speed ​​Internet (Angina)

In order to work properly, the heart requires the input of oxygen-rich blood adequately. Blood to the organ will be channeled through two large vessels known as coronary arteries. Wind sat occurs when the coronary arteries are narrowed.
Based on the things that can trigger constriction of the coronary vessels, wind sits divided into three types, namely:
  • Stable wind sits. Physical activity (eg, sports) is the trigger for this condition. When a person exercise, the heart will need more blood supply. The intake will not be fulfilled if the coronary artery blockage or narrowing. Sit steady wind attacks can also be triggered by a number of other things, such as smoking, stress, overeating, and cold air.
  • Wind sit unstable. This condition can be triggered by fatty deposits or blood clots that reduce or block blood flow to the heart. Unlike steady wind sits, pain due to unstable wind sits will remain there even if the patient had rest and taking medication. If left unchecked, sit unstable wind attacks could develop into a heart attack.
  • Wind sat variant (Prinzmetal sit wind). In this case, while the narrowed heart artery spasm. Wind sat variants can happen anytime, even when a person is at rest. The symptoms are often severe. Narrowing of the arteries while causing decreased blood supply to the heart and timbulah pain. Nevertheless, the wind sits variant symptoms can be relieved by medication.
A number of factors can increase the risk of wind sits. Some of these factors include:
  • High cholesterol. High levels of cholesterol in a person's body has the potential to accumulate in the blood vessels. If this happens, of course it will be difficult blood flow into the heart.
  • Have diabetes. High levels of sugar caused by diabetes, can damage the arterial wall. In addition, diabetes can also increase cholesterol levels in the body.
  • Hypertension. If the blood flow is blocked, the heart will get stronger pump and increase the pressure so that the blood can flow. If this continues, then the high pressure can damage the walls of arteries or cause hardening of the vessels.
  • Stress. When we are under stress, the body produces a number of hormones that can narrow blood vessels. In addition stress can also increase blood pressure.
  • Obesity. People who are obese will be susceptible to a number of conditions that can increase the risk of wind sits, such as diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol.
  • Smoke. This activity can damage the walls of arteries and lead to accumulation of cholesterol in the blood that would have difficulty carrying oxygen to be circulated.
  • History. If we are ever exposed to diseases related to the heart or have a family that has a history, then we will also be at high risk of wind sits.
  • Lack of exercise. People who lack a health risk because the wind sits will be prone to obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes, which ultimately will increase the risk of angina.
  • Age. Elderly people are particularly susceptible to wind sits compared to people who are young because the blood vessels harden and lose elasticity with age. Especially for men, this increased risk starts at the age of 45 years, whereas in women starting at the age of 55 years.

Diagnosis Wind Speed Internet (Angina)

In diagnosing the wind sits, usually the doctor will begin by asking about symptoms experienced by patients. In addition, the doctor will ask whether patients had heart disease or a family like doing habits can trigger the condition, for example, like to eat fatty foods, smoke, or consume hard drinking.
To further strengthen the diagnosis, some simple checks can also be done by a doctor, including measurements of weight, blood pressure measurements and blood tests to determine the levels of sugar, cholesterol, and kidney function. In addition through blood tests, kidney function also can be detected through urine testing. Conditions related to kidney is important to detect because there is some wind drug seat should not be used by patients with kidney disease.
In addition, the following further tests to confirm the diagnosis of the wind sits:
  • The electrocardiogram (ECG). Through this test the electrical activity and cardiac rhythm was recorded with the help of electrodes connected to a special machine. From the pattern of the recorded heart rate, doctors can see whether the blood stream of patients experienced penurunun or interference. In addition to the wind sits, electrocardiogram can also detect whether a patient has suffered a heart attack.
  • Echocardiogram. This test aims to identify issues related to the wind sits, for example, the damage to heart muscle caused by a restricted blood flow or any part of the heart are insufficient to get the blood supply. The identification is obtained from an image generated by sound waves.
  • Cardiac endurance test Exercise Tolerance Test) . This test aims to measure the durability of the heart when we do physical activity before symptoms appear wind sits. Physical activity can be a sport with a treadmill done in the room. Cardiac endurance test will be combined with an electrocardiogram to help doctors read the heart rhythm.
  • Heart scintigraphy. This test can be done if the results of an electrocardiogram readings still doubtful. In the heart scintigraphy test, a special dye liquid to be injected into the blood vessels. The dye will flow to the heart and monitored using a gamma camera to determine if the impaired flow.
  • Angiography of coronary arteries This test is done using a special tool in the form of a thin hose that is inserted into a blood vessel. The goal is to determine whether the blood vessel becomes blocked and how severe the blockage. Cardiac angiography was performed if the wind sits diagnosis can not be done in any way, or if symptoms persist despite treatment. This test has risk of complications such as heart attack or stroke. Therefore, this procedure is only done when absolutely necessary.
  • Blood tests. The doctor will examine the presence of cardiac enzymes in the blood as a reference in the heart organ damage from a heart attack.
  • Chest x-rays (x-rays). This examination method is sometimes used by doctors to see if your symptoms related to conditions other than wind sits. In addition, an examination that produces an image of the heart and lungs is used by doctors to see an enlarged heart.
  • CT scan of the heart. This examination aims to determine the existence and the severity of narrowing of the coronary arteries as well as whether there is enlargement of the heart that is not very visible from the results of X-Ray chest. CT scan of the heart is done with the help of a special machine equipped with a tube-shaped X-ray. From this examination will get a picture of the patient's heart condition in detail.

Wind Treatment Center (Angina)

Treatment aims to reduce the wind sits symptoms and decrease the severity of the risk of patients having a heart attack or death.
Wind sat down with mild or moderate symptoms still can be handled without medication, by leading a healthy lifestyle and abandon bad habits that can trigger the wind sits. Some of these include:
  • Eating a balanced nutritious diet or one that contains a lot of fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and grains.
  • Limit the consumption of foods that contain saturated fats.
  • Do not eat more than portions or calories needed by the body.
  • Balance physical activity with rest. It is better to ask advice of your doctor in advance about the sport safe for your condition.
  • Avoid stress or handle stress if you experience it.
  • Take weight loss program if you are obese.
  • Avoid cigarette smoke.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Always control blood sugar if you have diabetes.
If the wind does not sit quite overcome by the application of a healthy lifestyle, then the doctor may prescribe some medication below to overcome and prevent the wind sits at a later date:
  • Nitrate drugs. Besides effective in treating symptoms of the wind sits, nitrate can also be used as a method of long-term prevention or used prior to conducting activities that could potentially lead to wind seat (eg, sports). These drugs function relaxes stiff blood vessels so that blood can flow smoothly toward the heart. One nitrate drug that is widely used is glyceryl trinitrate. These drugs can relieve the symptoms of wind seated quickly. Do not consuming alcohol during treatment with glyceryl trinitrate as it may aggravate side effects appear.
  • Drugs prevention of blood clots. This medication serves to separate pieces of blood and prevent clotting. Some examples of drugs of this class are clopidogrel and ticagrelor .
  • Calcium channel blocker drug. These drugs can be the blood flow in the heart and relieve or prevent the symptoms of the wind sits. A drug that is also known as a calcium antagonist is able to relax the muscle cells contained in the blood vessel wall.
  • Nicorandil. This drug is a type of potassium channel activator, and is typically used by people who can not consume calcium channel blocker drug. This drug functions to increase blood flow to the heart by widening the coronary arteries.
  • Beta blocker medication. In relieve or prevent the symptoms of the wind sits, this medicine works by counteracting the effects of the hormone adrenaline that decreases blood pressure and decreased heart rhythm. Thus, the burden of the heart decreases.
  • Ivabradine . This is a new generation of drugs with the same performance with a beta blocker medication. This drug can be an alternative if the patient can not eat Wind sat beta blocker drugs for certain medical conditions, such as infections of the lungs.
  • Ranolazine. These drugs can prevent the wind sitting by smoothing the blood flow and relaxes the muscles of the heart. Ranolazine safely used by patients who have an irregular heart rhythm or have a history of heart attack because the drug does not affect heart rate.
  • In addition to drugs to cope with and prevent attacks wind sits, the doctor may also prescribe some medications to prevent heart attacks and stroke, such as:
  • Statins. These drugs can lower cholesterol levels so that damage to the blood vessels can be prevented. In addition, statins can also lower the risk of stroke and heart attack. Statins work by blocking an enzyme-producing the cholesterol contained in the liver. Potential side effects of statins are abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation.
  • Aspirin. This drug works to reduce the levels of blood clotting so blood will easily flow through narrow vessels once. In addition to overcoming the wind sits, aspirin can reduce the risk of heart attack. Some side effects of aspirin use among them are nausea, indigestion, and stomach irritation.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) . This drug works to inhibit the activity of a hormone which can narrow blood vessels. The hormone called angiotensin. These drugs can also lower blood pressure. ACE inhibitors should not be used in patients who have the wind sits kidney disorders because it can reduce the blood supply to the organ.
If symptoms are severe wind sits and can no longer be solved with medication, surgery will be considered by a physician in order to prevent the occurrence of heart attacks. Several types of operations are included:
  • Bypass surgery. This procedure aims to reroute blood flow to not pass through the blood vessels are blocked or damaged by using blood vessels from other parts of the body.
  • Angioplasty. Procedures aimed at improving blood flow is done by inserting a small balloon into the narrowed blood vessels, so that when the balloon is blown, the blood vessels will dilate. After that, a special wire to be used. The function of this wire to block the blood vessel to keep it open.

Wind Prevention Center (Angina)

Preventive measures wind sits almost similar to the initial treatment steps wind sits without the use of drugs, ie by adopting a healthy lifestyle. In addition to preventing attacks wind sits on people who have never experienced it, the adoption of a healthy lifestyle can also reduce the severity of symptoms wind sits on the sufferer. Here are some steps that can be taken to prevent the wind sits, among them:
  • Exercising. You can do light exercise, such as cycling, running or swimming. Besides being able to lose weight, exercise also can make a smooth blood circulation and lower blood pressure, so that the heart and coronary vessels stay healthy.
  • Eating foods that are healthy for the heart. In order to continue to work well, you need food support. A heart-healthy food should be rich in fiber. You can get fiber needs through fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. In addition to fiber, foods that contain unsaturated fats are also healthy for the heart as saturated fat can help reduce blood vessel blockage. Some examples of foods that contain unsaturated fats are tuna, salmon, tofu, olive oil, almonds, and avocados.
  • Avoid foods that are harmful to the heart. In order to avoid the wind sits, avoid foods that contain too much salt. Salt dose recommended for health is about one teaspoon per day. Eating too much salt can lead to hypertension. In addition to salt, beware of foods containing saturated fat, such as organ meats, milk, cheese, fried foods and butter. Saturated fat can accumulate inside arteries and impede blood circulation.
  • Maintain weight. Healthy weight is important to be maintained. Because if we are obese, the heart will be more difficult to circulate the blood so it has to pump harder. Over time this can increase blood pressure and trigger the wind sits.
  • Limiting consumption of liquor. The calorie content is very high in alcohol. Therefore, consuming alcohol in excess can cause obesity and hypertension, which in turn may trigger the wind sits.
  • Quit smoking. Substances contained in cigarettes can block the arteries and increase blood pressure. If the condition that happens, you not only risk the wind sits, but also the risk of stroke and heart attack.

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