Wednesday, April 26, 2017

YELLOW FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Definition Of Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a virus transmitted through the intermediary of mosquitoes. Generally, there are in the area of South America, Africa, and the Caribbean.
YELLOW FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Mosquitoes that carry the virus in his body is then spread to people around sufferers and tourists who were visiting the area to cause fever and serious disturbances in the liver and kidneys. A viral infection that has spread to the liver succession disrupt the functioning of this organ, causing changes in skin color becomes yellow.

Causes of Yellow Fever

The spread of yellow fever is caused by the bite of the mosquito Aedes aegypti that first bite of this disease, generally the human and monkey. These mosquitoes then transmit yellow fever among humans or other monkeys, or from humans to monkeys, and vice versa. In addition to the Sahara desert in Africa and the tropical area of South America, or even the human settlements were clean though, did not escape from this mosquito breeding.
Viruses that ultimately abides in the salivary glands of mosquitoes Aedes aegypti is then entered into the human blood stream or other monkeys through bites and cause pain to a new host is that they dwell. Beware dusk to dawn because at times it is the spread of yellow fever virus is most prevalent, when the mosquito Aedes aegypti to be very active.

Yellow Fever Symptoms

Yellow fever causes fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and muscle pain to the sufferer. Generally there are three stages of yellow fever virus infection in the early stages that tend indistinguishable from other viral infections, or can be asymptomatic. Early stages of infection can last for 3-4 days and usually begins 3-6 days after viral infection or from a mosquito bite occurs. Other symptoms that may appear are loss of appetite, excessive sensitivity to light, and redness of the eyes, tongue, and face.
The second stage is the stage of remission, where the patient's condition seemed to improve. In general, patients recover in stages that lasted approximately 2 today. Even so, it is advisable to remain alert because in approximately 15-25 percent of patients are able to enter the third phase is more risky and can lead to death.
In the third phase, be aware of the appearance of damage to the liver that can make the eyes and skin color of yellow. Also, it can appear also fever accompanied by bleeding in the body, blood vomiting, inflammation of the liver or hepatitis, as well as multi-organ damage.

Diagnosis of Yellow Fever

The symptoms of yellow fever are quite common and can be experienced also by some other diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever that yellow fever diagnosis is obtained one by the historical journey undertaken patients. After that the doctor will do blood tests to detect the presence of viruses contained in the body.
See your doctor as soon as you feel the symptoms of yellow fever has been mentioned above, particularly after or carry out visits to countries that have cases of yellow fever.

Yellow Fever Treatment

There is no antiviral medication that can cure yellow fever. However, supportive treatment is needed to treat the symptoms. Common symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle aches, can be handled using painkillers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. However, other diseases caused by yellow fever complications, such as organ damage triggers renal failure conditions certainly require further treatment in a hospital suite.
Treatment that can be recommended for yellow fever can come with giving oxygen, maintaining blood pressure, dialysis for kidney failure patients, and transfusion of plasma cells in order to increase the level of blood clotting.

Yellow Fever Prevention

Yellow fever can be prevented with a vaccine that is done before a person traveling to the area that potentially spreading yellow fever. Vaccines can be carried out at least ten days prior to the departure time with vaccine administration is the ideal time of 3-4 weeks. Age safe to receive this vaccine is patient with the distance between the ages of 9 months to 60 years so that apart from the risk of inflammatory diseases of the brain and death.
Side effects can last for 5-10 days post vaccination. The reported adverse events were classified as common and mild, include fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue as well as pain in the injection area vaccination. In some rare cases, yellow fever vaccination can cause allergic reactions, nervous system reactions, and even death to consult the doctor is highly recommended before vaccination.
People who have earned a yellow fever preventive vaccine will receive a certificate which must be shown before entering a potentially area. This vaccine last up to 10 years or a lifetime. Certificate vaccine will expire in 10 years if you get it by June 2016. Currently the World Health Organization declared the provision amplifier / booster vaccine may not be necessary except in certain circumstances.
You may need to get a booster before traveling to yellow fever infected areas when you've got more than 10 years ago and you need a vaccine certificate.
If you want to leave for yellow fever infected areas and get the vaccine more than 10 years, the following persons are also recommended to get booster:
  • women who are pregnant
  • children under the age of two years
  • someone who has a low immune system, such as HIV and bone marrow transplant recipients.
As an added precaution, avoid mosquito stings can also be done by using mosquito repellent on skin and clothing. You can use a mosquito repellent containing permethrin on clothing, shoes, camping gear, and the additional bulkhead doors or windows. As for the skin, use mosquito repellent specially durable leather. Mosquito repellent to skin that has an active ingredient picaridin, IR3535, and DEET in high concentrations can provide longer protection from mosquito bites of Aedes aegypti. Use it wisely and adjust to the time required. Avoid using mosquito repellent on a child aged under two years of age because they contain dangerous chemicals. Instead you can use a mosquito repellent on a stroller or mosquito netting while you are outdoors. Some natural ingredients, such as lemon eucalyptus oil, can also be used with the exception of children under the age of three years.
Remember to always keep your travel data, such as outdoor locations, especially if there is the yellow fever infected areas. Patients who have or have had a yellow fever and healed, eventually it will naturally form the immunity against this disease.

No comments:

Post a Comment