Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts

Sunday, May 21, 2017

DIARRHEA - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Friday, April 28, 2017

Dry Socket - Symptoms, causes and treatment

The sense of Dry Socket
Dry socket or alveolar osteitis is inflammation conditions experienced by the jaw bones on three or four days after tooth extraction permanent. The complications that occur after tooth extraction attack 2-3 percent patients, and 20 percent of them had to revoke the youngest molar teeth (wisdom teeth) .
Dry Socket - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Divertikulitis - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Divertikulitis
Divertikulitis is a condition in which the colon pouch (large intestine) experiencing inflammation or infection. The formation of the pouch or a lump in the walls of the small intestine itself is a common disorder named divertikula.
The formation of divertikula that occurs on the wall of the colon known with the name divertikulosis. Until this time, have not known what the main causes of divertikulosis. But the experts suspect that low diet of fiber become catalyst.
Divertikulitis - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Dispareunia - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Dispareunia
Dispareunia or painful intercourse is pain that appears continuously or during the time in the testicles and occurs shortly before, during or after having sexual intercourse. The Vagina, which unite over, and labia are areas that are generally pain when patients dispareunia do sexual relations.
Dispareunia - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Dislokasi Shoulder - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Dislokasi Shoulder

Dislokasi shoulder is a condition in which the bones of the arms of the top out of the bowl guard. In some cases, network around it can participate interested with hardware or torn.
The joints of a bullet on the shoulders are in the protection of bowls (socket) a small. This makes the shoulder we can be moved freely in all directions, but at the same time also make its position becomes unstable and easy to experience dislokasi.
Dislokasi Shoulder - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Dislokasi - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Dislokasi 

Dislokasi is injury to the joints. This injury occurs when the bones shifting and exit from the position normally on joints. Most cases dislokasi occurs as a result of a clash of experienced by the joints. For example when playing basketball or fall from the bike.
Diskolasi generally occurs on your finger and shoulders. However, other joints such as the knee hip, square hands and ankles can also experience this injury.
Dislokasi - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Disleksia - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Disleksia
Disleksia is a disruption of the learning process in which a person is having difficulty reading, writing, or spelling. Patients with disleksia will have difficulty in identifying how the words must be changed into the form of letters and sentences and vice versa.
Disleksia - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Sexual Dysfunction - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual Dysfunction - Symptoms, causes and treatment
Sexual dysfunction is a problem that prevents a person from having a sexual desire or gets satisfaction in sexual activity. This condition can affect both women and men, and the risks are higher with age.
Sexual dysfunction in women includes problems in sexual response, orgasm and pain during intercourse. While sexual problems in men regarding erectile dysfunction or impotence, impaired ejaculation, and loss of sexual arousal. Sexual dysfunction alone is not a rare occurrence, where 43 percent of women and 31 percent of men have at least experienced interference or difficulty in their sexual activity.

Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction can be a nuisance if this problem persists and has a significant effect on a person's sexual life. The longer this sexual dysfunction lasts, the higher the pressure and the level of anxiety the person has. Even so, most patients with sexual dysfunction can be recovered with physical medicine combined with psychological therapy.
Symptoms of Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual dysfunction shows symptoms based on the type of disorder suffered. Men and women have different symptoms. Here are the symptoms of sexual dysfunction in women:
  •     Low sexual desire. This is the most common type of sexual dysfunction suffered by women, and is characterized by a loss of desire or desire for sexual intercourse.
  •     Sexual arousal disorder. In this condition, sexual desire persists, but a woman is difficult to arouse and sustain stimulation during sexual activity.
  •     Sexual dysfunction / dyspareunia disorders. The symptoms are arising pain when making vaginal contact or sexual stimulation. Many things that can trigger pain in sexual relations, including vaginismus, inadequate lubrication, and rigid vaginal muscles.
  •     Orgasmic disorder, ie difficulty reaching orgasm despite stimulation and stimulation is done continuously.
While the symptoms of sexual dysfunction in men are:
  •     Erectile dysfunction or known by the name of impotence. This condition occurs when a man is unable to erect or maintain the necessary erections during intercourse.
  •     Decreased sexual desire (libido). This condition is often associated with a low amount of testosterone in the body. If the drop in desire is severe, a man will not be entirely eager to have sex.
  •     Ejaculation disorders There are three types of ejaculatory disorders, ie premature ejaculation (ejaculation that occurs before penetration or shortly after penetration), slow ejaculation, and ejaculation turns (ejaculation back to the bladder and not out on the tip of the penis through the urethra).

Causes of Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction may occur due to several factors, including:
  •     Physical or medical conditions that interfere with sexual function. These conditions include diabetes, heart and vascular disease, neurological disorders, chronic illness, drug abuse, and side effects from certain drugs (one of which is an antidepressant that can interfere with sexual desire and function).
  •     Hormonal conditions, such as decreased levels of estrogen in women, especially after menopause and low testosterone in men, reduces the desire to engage in sexual activity.
  •     Psychological factors, especially stress, can cause sexual dysfunction. In addition, anxiety, excessive worry about his sexual performance, problems in relationships or marriage, depression, guilt, and the effects of past traumas can also have an effect.
Diagnosis of Sexual Dysfunction The diagnosis of sexual dysfunction begins by asking for symptoms thoroughly and performing a physical examination, including examination of physical changes that may affect sexual satisfaction, such as skin elasticity and tissue in the genitals. To strengthen the diagnosis of sexual dysfunction, your doctor may perform the following tests, including:
  •     Blood tests to check hormone levels and other risk factors, such as diabetes and cholesterol.
  •     Tests to monitor erections during sleep at night. This test will determine whether an erection disorder is experienced due to physical or psychological factors.
  •     Vascular test in men to check blood flow to the penis.
  •     Sensory testing test to check the strength of nerve impulses in certain body parts.
Doctors may also refer patients to other doctors, such as a specialist urologist, endocrinologist, neurologist, sexual therapist and other therapist to get the most appropriate diagnosis and treatment options.
Treatment of Sexual Dysfunction Treatment of sexual dysfunction aims to address the main problems that cause this disorder. Treatment includes:
  •     Medical treatment to deal with physical problems. For patients with a disease, doctors may adjust or change drugs that have certain sexual effects. Flibanserin drugs are given to premenopausal women who have low sexual desire. While the drug tadalafil, sildenafil, or vardenafil can improve male sexual function by increasing blood flow to the penis. For premature ejaculation problems, doctors can give promescent medication. This topical spray medication contains lidocaine which aims to reduce the sensitivity for ejaculation to be more controllable.
  •     Treatment related to hormone problems. For women with low estrogen levels, estrogen therapy may be given to help the elasticity of the vagina by increasing blood flow and lubrication in the vagina. This therapy can be given in the form of a vaginal ring, cream, or tablet. As for men with low testosterone levels, doctors can provide hormone supplements or testosterone replacement therapy.
  •     Psychological therapy. This therapy is done by a trained counselor to help a person overcome anxiety, fear or guilt that affects sexual function. In addition, an understanding of sex and sexual behavior also needs to be possessed by the patient so that anxiety about his sexual ability can be resolved. One way is to talk openly to the couple about her needs and anxieties to remove obstacles in her sex life.
In addition to these medications, some tools such as pumps (vacuum) and vibrators can help a person in handling sexual problems. Meanwhile, to help men with erectile disorders, the choice of penile implant surgery can be considered.
To improve your sex life, increase your confidence and find ways to be comfortable with your sexuality. In addition, you must also be able to accept your physical form. It can be achieved by implementing a healthy lifestyle, such as exercising to improve fitness and mood, taking time to relax to relieve stress, avoid alcohol consumption, and stop smoking.

Dysphagia - Symptoms, causes and treatment

Understanding Dysphagia


Dysphagia is a medical term that means difficult to swallow. For people who experience this condition, the process of channeling food or drink from the mouth into the stomach will require more effort and longer time than the condition of a healthy person.
Dysphagia has the potential to become a serious threat to health. In some cases, patients can not even eat or drink at all because the symptoms of accompanying pain are already very severe.
In addition to swallowing difficulties, there are also some symptoms or other signs that may accompany, including:
  • Pain during swallowing
  • Food feels stuck in the throat or chest.
  • Choking or coughing when eating and drinking.
  • Getting rid of saliva constantly.
  • Weight loss.
  • Food that has been swallowed out again.
  • Stomach acids often rise to the throat.
  • Often heartburn.
  • The voice becomes husky.
  • Patients often cut food into small pieces due to difficulty swallowing or even avoiding certain foods.

What causes dysphagia?

There are many factors that can cause a person to have dysphagia, including:
  • Suffering from conditions that can make the esophagus (the food channel from the mouth to the stomach) narrow or esophagus obstructed, such as gastric acid, oral and throat cancers, eosinophilic oesophagitis, esophageal inflammation due to fungus by fungus or tuberculosis, or Zenker diverticulum Esophageal sac). In addition to these conditions, esophageal constriction may also be caused by radiotherapy side effects.
  • Suffering from congenital conditions, such as cerebral palsy, learning disorders, and cleft lip.
  • Suffers conditions that can disrupt the performance of the food booster muscles from the esophagus into the stomach, such as the illness of secrets and scleroderma. In addition to these two conditions, the age factor can also weaken the ability of muscles in swallowing.
  • Suffers conditions that can damage the nervous system in charge of controlling the swallowing process, such as dementia, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease, stroke, brain tumor, and myasthenia gravis.
  • Suffers conditions that may interfere with breathing, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Complications from head or neck injuries.

Diagnosis of Dysphagia

Do not ignore if you often feel difficulty in swallowing and immediately to the doctor. Treatment will be more effective if the diagnosis is done as soon as possible. In addition, early treatment will also reduce the risk of complications, such as weight loss, malanutrisi, dehydration, choking, or even pneumonia.
In addition to asking for symptoms that the patient feels, including the severity and how often the symptoms appear, the doctor will also check the body mass index to see if the patient is malnourished due to difficulty swallowing.
As a preliminary test, the doctor will usually tell the patient to drink water in a certain amount as soon as possible (water swallow test). Records of time gained as well as the amount of water swallowed can help the doctor assess the patient's ability to swallow. Some of these inspection methods may be performed:
Endoscopy. This check is done with the help of a special hose that is flexible and equipped with cameras and lights. Images captured by the camera will be visible to the doctor through the monitor screen. 
  • Endoscopy can be applied to check the condition of the upper respiratory cavity (nose to throat) or check the condition of the esophagus (throat to stomach).
  • Fluoroscopy. This examination uses X-rays and is guided by a special substance called barium.
  • Manometry. This examination aims to see how well the performance of esogafus by measuring the amount of pressure on the organ when swallowing. Manometry is aided by a catheter (a small special tube) equipped with a pressure sensor. In addition to seeing the function of the esophagus, this examination method can also be applied to measure the volume of acid flowing back from the stomach to ascertain whether it is caused by gastric acid disease by measuring gastric acid levels.

Treatment of Dysphagia

Knowing the underlying cause of dysphagia is crucial to the success rate of treatment. In order for the process of swallowing food becomes easier, in addition to providing medication or applying certain treatment procedures, doctors will also advise patients to switch from solid foods to liquid food.
If dysphagia is caused by heartburn and gastric acid then doctors usually prescribe drugs that prevent reflux or backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus. PPI (proton pump inhibitor) can help relieve symptoms of dysphagia caused by narrowing or scarring of the esophagus. If there is inflammation in the esophagus (esophagitis), then the administration of corticosteroid drugs will usually be done.
If dysphagia is caused by the presence of something that obstructs the esophagus, for example as a result of scar tissue formation or occurrence of narrowing within the canal, the endoscopic method may be applied in order to exclude an obstructing or can be done by increasing the diameter of the esophageal canal (dilatation).
If the esophageal obstruction is caused by a tumor, surgical procedures should be performed. Surgery can also be applied to cases of dysphagia caused by the illness of the secrets (conditions that cause the muscles in the esophagus to become very stiff). However, in the case of the secretion, the doctor may try to prescribe the botulinum toxin drug before surgery.
If dysphagia is caused by cerebral palsy, the disruption of the nervous system in charge of controlling the ingestion, or the disruption of the performance of the pushing muscles of feeding from the esophagus into the stomach, then therapy to improve swallowing should be performed under the guidance of the relevant expert.
In severe cases of dysphagia, the installation of a special tube to channel food in the patient's body may be done to prevent malanutrisi and dehydration.

TYPE 2 DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease (chronic) that occurs when the pancreas (pancreas) does not produce enough insulin, or when the body does not effectively use the insulin. Diabetes is characterized by normal blood sugar levels above normal. While type 2 diabetes is diabetes that is caused by the body's ineffective use of insulin or insulin deficiency relative to blood sugar levels.

TYPE 2 DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats

Thursday, April 27, 2017

DIABETES INSIPIDUS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Diabetes Insipidus

DIABETES INSIPIDUS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Diabetes Tipe 1 - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Type 1 Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic (chronic) disease that occurs when the pancreas (the salivary glands) does not produce enough insulin, or when the body does not effectively use insulin. While type 1 diabetes itself is a type of diabetes with low insulin production. Therefore, type 1 diabetes is also called insulin dependency diabetes, otherwise known as diabetes autoimmune disease with a cause that is not known for sure.

Diabetes Tipe 1 - Symptoms, causes and treats

GESTATIONAL DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats


Gestational diabetes is a diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually lasts only until the birth process. Gestational diabetes that affects 9.2 percent of pregnant women generally occurs between the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy, although it is not possible to occur in any week.
GESTATIONAL DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats

Unlike diabetes in general, gestational diabetes occurs when insulin production is insufficient to control body glucose levels during pregnancy. High levels of glucose in this blood can harm the mother and child, but the risk can be suppressed if handled quickly and precisely.
The cause of gestational diabetes is not known for certain, but the factor that often triggers is hormonal changes. During pregnancy, the placenta will produce additional hormones such as estrogen, HPL (human placental lactogen), and hormones that increase insulin resistance. Over time, these hormones will increase and affect the performance of insulin.
The higher the influence of hormone on insulin, blood sugar levels will increase and this increases the risk of gestational diabetes. In addition, a woman is also at risk of developing illness if she has reached the age of 25 years and over while pregnant, has high blood pressure (hypertension ), has a family with a history of diabetesoverweight before pregnancy ( BMI above 25), had a baby in Over 4.5 kg, had a miscarriage, had previously had gestational diabetes, or race factors such as African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Native American, Middle Eastern or African-Caribbean descent.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes

Not all pregnant women can experience symptoms of gestational diabetes, but these symptoms can be felt when blood sugar soaring (hyperglycemia), such as:
  • Often feel thirsty.
  • Frequent urination.
  • The mouth is dry.
  • Easy to feel tired.
  • Blurred vision.
However, not all of the symptoms listed indicate a gestational diabetes condition. Talk to your doctor to find out more about the condition.

Gestational Diabetes Diagnosis

In general, the doctor will perform a physical test and ask for some things like symptoms experienced, duration of symptoms, personal and family medical history (especially diabetes ), conditions experienced in previous pregnancy, the increase or decrease in body weight drastically and infant weight from pregnancy previous. If doctors feel the symptoms experienced lead to gestational diabetes, a series of tests may be suggested, such as:
  • Early oral glucose tolerance test (TTGO). In this test, the doctor will check the blood glucose levels 1 hour before and after consuming the liquid sugar syrup provided by the doctor. If the test results above 130-140 mL / dL, your doctor may recommend a further oral glucose tolerance test.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test (TTGO) continued. In this test, the patient is asked to fast overnight before undergoing a blood test in the morning. After the first blood is taken, the doctor will give the liquid syrup with more sugar than the initial TTGO. After that, blood taking will be done every hour for 3 times. If there are 2 high-grade results, the patient may be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
In general, your doctor will advise you to perform a blood test early in pregnancy if you have any symptoms or conditions that are at high risk. Patients who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes are usually advised to perform routine checks, especially in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
An infant exam may also be performed to ensure the baby gets the proper oxygen and nutrients in the uterus. In some cases, postnatal examinations in both mother and baby may be performed to detect further risks.
On the other hand, if the patient is diagnosed free of gestational diabetes, the doctor may still recommend routine checks, especially for potential patients, in order to be monitored properly.

Gestational Diabetes Treatment

For the health of mothers and infants, there are several treatment steps that doctors usually recommend, including:
  • Monitor blood glucose levels . To avoid further complications, your doctor may recommend regular blood checks, such as 4 to 5 times a day, in order to be properly monitored. This is usually done by using a small finger injection (lanset) and glucose levels are detected directly using a special tool. If necessary, your doctor may advise to inject or consume insulin in order to maintain glucose levels until delivery.
  • Ultrasound examination.  In addition to the mother, the doctor may perform routine baby checkups with the help of ultrasound to monitor the growth and development of the baby. In addition, the doctor can also look at the Baby's Birth Estimate (PHL) and if the mother does not deliver within the prescribed time, the doctor can immediately take immediate action, such as induction or caesarean section . In certain cases, your doctor may advise to give birth prematurely to avoid further complications.
  • Healthy diet. For pregnant women, especially those diagnosed with gestational diabetes, regulating a healthy diet is essential, such as consuming vegetables, fruits, grains, to foods with fiber, nutrients and low fat intake. A common weight loss is not recommended, but this can be done when planning a pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about the right diet and nutritional levels for your condition.
  • Sports. In addition to maintaining food intake, exercise is also often a matter of note before, during and after pregnancy. By doing regular exercise, the body will stimulate the transfer of glucose to the cell and turn it into energy. In addition, exercise can also increase the sensitivity of cells to insulin so that blood sugar levels are more controlled. In addition, doctors usually recommend some special exercises to help reduce the discomfort during pregnancy such as backache, muscle cramps, swelling, constipation, difficulty sleeping until preparing the patient through childbirth.
Treatment to control gestational diabetes differs for each case. Ask your doctor for the right treatment for you.

Gestational Diabetes Complications

In general, pregnant women who develop gestational diabetes give birth to healthy babies. However, if these conditions are not handled appropriately, there are several complications that can occur in the baby at birth, such as:
  • Being overweight caused by excess blood glucose levels (macrosomia).
  • Premature birth resulting in respiratory distress syndrome (respiratory distress syndrome). It can also occur in babies born on time.
  • Born with low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) due to high insulin production . This condition can also cause seizures in infants, but can be handled by giving them sugar intake.
  • Risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes as adults.
In addition to babies, new mothers also have the potential to experience complications, such as:
  • Conditions of hypertension or preeclampsia that can endanger the lives of mothers as well as infants.
  • Potentially gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies or type 2 diabetes after a period of time. This can be prevented by consuming a high intake of fiber and nutrients.
Complications that occur should be addressed to prevent further complications or death, especially in infants.

Gestational Diabetes Prevention

Until now, there is no certainty if gestational diabetes can be prevented completely, but there are several ways that can be done to reduce the risk of this disease, including:
  • Routine foods with high intake of nutrients and fiber, such as vegetables, fruits and seeds. Get used to set a balanced portion and reduce food with fat or excess calories.
  • Regular exercise to maintain body fitness before and during pregnancy. It is recommended for mild to moderate exercise such as swimming, brisk walking or cycling at least 30 minutes per day. If not, lend a short but periodic exercise to meet those needs, such as walking or doing homework.
  • Weight loss when planning to conceive by adopting a healthy diet for better long-term effects.
  • Perform a complete examination before planning a pregnancy to ensure excellent body condition.
Consult your doctor when planning a pregnancy to find out the proper preventive measures for your body condition.

DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Diabetes

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a long-term or chronic disease characterized by blood sugar levels (glucose) is far above normal. Glucose is very important for our health because it is the main energy source for the brain as well as the cells that make up the muscles and tissues in our body.
This disease has two main types, namely, type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
DIABETES - Symptoms, causes and treats

SEBORRHOEIC DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Seborrhoeic Dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a skin disease that usually affects the scalp and oily areas of the body, such as the back, face, forehead, armpits, groin, and upper chest. On the scalp, this disease causes skin red, dandruff, and scaly.

SEBORRHOEIC DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

CONTACT DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin, characterized by itchy red rash, which appears as a result of contact with certain substances. Rash arising from inflammation is not contagious or dangerous but can cause discomfort to the sufferer.

CONTACT DERMATITIS - Symptoms, causes and treats

Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Depression - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Depression

Depression is one of the mental health disorders that occurs for at least two weeks or more that affect the mindset, feelings, mood ( mood ) and how to deal with everyday activities. When depressed we will feel sad prolonged, hopeless, have no motivation to move, lose interest in things that used to entertain, and blame themselves.
When depressed, a sad mood can last for weeks or even months.
 Depression - Symptoms, causes and treats

Snorling - Symptoms, causes and treats

Understanding Snoring

Snoring is the vibration generated by the air flow through partially clogged airways. The sound produced by this vibration can be subtle or loud sounds (husky) disturbing.
Snorling - Symptoms, causes and treats

SCARLET FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Definition Of Scarlet Fever

Scarlet or scarlet fever is a fever accompanied by a red rash on the skin caused by Streptococcus bacterial infection. The disease most often affects children aged 5-15 years.
SCARLET FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

RHEUMATIC FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication

Understanding Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic fever is a complication that occurs when an infection caused by group A streptococcal bacteria is not handled thoroughly. Examples of diseases caused by group A streptococcus include a sore throat and dengue fever.
This serious condition can be experienced by anyone. However, the most common age group was 5-year-olds to 15-year-olds.
RHEUMATIC FEVER: understanding, symptom, Cause, diagnosis, Treatment and complication